Rumanian OOBs

These are some rough OOBs for WWII Rumanians , mainly aimed at SpearHead. They are based on the Rumanian OOB text files elsewhere on my site. 

Infantry Division 1941/42

(rate as half green, half regular, use Russian tables for artillery fire, flank marches etc)

Div HQ: HQ in truck/car

Three Rifle Regiments:

AT Company: Three platoons of 47mm AT guns, towed by Malaxa tractors or trucks

Heavy AT Company(1942 onwards): 1 x platoon Pak 37/98 (75mm) with Sdkfz 11 tractors

AA Company: One platoon 25mm AA guns, trucks

Artillery Regiment: Two battalions with 3 75mm Field guns, 1 AAMG platoon each. One battalion with 2 100mm Howitzers (3 platoons 1942+). All horse drawn.

Artillery Regiment: One battalion with 3 75mm Field guns, 1 AAMG platoon each. One battalion with 2 100mm Howitzers (3 platoons 1942+). All horse drawn.

Recon Battalion: Cavalry Squadron with 3 platoons recon cavalry (rifle), Motorised company with 2 motorised rifle platoons, 1 motorised HMG platoon.

Engineer Battalion: Three companies with 1 engineer platoon (rifle/flame).

Notes: Some units retained this establishment in 1942, when they were referred to as Echelon I Divisions. These should be rated as half green/half regular, only the Guards Div counts as all regular. Transport is basically horse drawn, the divisional AT company may be towed by Malaxa tractors (same as French Chenilette armoured carriers) or 4WD/2WD trucks. Following the siege of Odessa, two battalion regiments became the norm. Artillery tactics were very poor at this stage of the war, being based on French WWI doctrine and there was little cooperation with the (German trained) armoured and infantry units. From 1942 all units operated with two battalion regiments, although increased establishments of medium artillery, mortars and anti-tank guns resulted in an overall increase in firepower.

1st Royal Armoured Division 1941/42

(rate as  regular, use German-led tables where appropriate, Russian otherwise)

Div HQ: HQ in car/truck

1st Royal Tank Regiment:

2nd Royal Tank Regiment (not 1942): Two Motorised Infantry Regiments: AT Company: Three 47mm AT guns, towed by Malaxas (1942 use two such companies, plus one company of 3 x Pak 38 and one company of 3 x Pak 40 from Oct 42 onwards).

AA Company: Three platoons towed 20mm AA.

Recon Battalion: BHQ, Heavy company with three platoons of 8ton armoured cars, Light company with three platoons of 5ton armoured cars, infantry company with three rifle platoons in trucks. (1942 use two motorised infantry companies, and from October 1942 add one company of 2xSdkfz 222 and one company 2 x armoured infantry in Sdkfz 251/1)

Motorised Artillery Regiment: Field gun battalion with three 75mm Field Guns, Howitzer Battalion with three 100mm Howitzers, Heavy Battalion with three 105mm Howitzers. (1942 also add a 47mm ATG company!)

Engineer Battalion: Two companies of engineers with two engineer (rifle/flame) platoons each. In trucks.

The division, even when split up, fought with great determination and the motor rifle regiments were composed mainly of regular troops. The division should therefore be rated as regular.

Notes: The R-2 was almost identical to the Pz 35 (t), the R-35 was just a captured French Renault-35 tank. The R-35 Regiment was left behind during Barbarossa due to lack of spares, but brought up for the siege of Odessa where the heavy armour of the R-35s was very useful. The R-2 Regiment was used for infantry support during the siege, and suffered heavy losses (26 tanks) among its lightly armoured vehicles. The remainder of the division functioned as a motorised infantry division for the bulk of the campaign. Poor artillery coordination (see above) resulted in heavy tank and infantry losses as their attacks were inefficiently supported. Eventually tank losses reached such a level that the division could barely field one weak composite battalion of R-2/R-35s. In 1942 the Germans supplied enough surplus Pz 35s to rebuild the 1st Tank Regiment in time for the Stalingrad campaign, and in October 1942 supplied further increments of modern equipment. The division was almost totally destroyed during Operation Uranus. The Rumanians also had a battalion of Renault Ft-17s, but these were only used for security duties in Rumania.

Martin Rapier, University of Sheffield, 7th November1997